This reporting approach was used because of the non-normal distribution of pgsi and k6 scores, and the ordinal nature of the activity frequency variables. The bonferroni method was used to correct for multiple comparisons when conducting these analyses.
Relationships between activity frequency, pgsi scores, and k6 scores were also examined using spearman’s rho. To facilitate interpretation of these correlations we report the median and 25th–75th percentiles of pgsi and k6 for each level of activity frequency.
Potential participants were required to be age 18 years or older, be active internet users, and have english comprehension. Participants were recruited from an existing database of potential research participants held by market research company qualtrics. Overall panel and study response rates were not provided to the research team. After removal of participants completing the online survey twice, 998 (99.7%) participants were retained for further analysis . Ethics approval for the study was provided by the university of sydney human research ethics committee.
Given the existing literature suggesting that egm use is related to gambling problems, a secondary hypothesis was that engagement in land-based and online egms would be mlb중계 related to problem gambling severity. The interpretation of previous findings is further complicated by the observation that many users of internet gambling activities also gamble in venues. That is, someone who is considered an “internet gambler” may not exclusively – or even preferentially – use online modes of access. Isolating the impact of specific modes of gambling is critical as many problem gamblers engage in multiple gambling activities and focusing only on overall participation can lead to misleading interpretations.
The unique contribution of each online or venue gambling activity and potentially related demographic details to pgsi and k6 scores were examined using quasi-poisson regressions. We used a recently developed variance-based method of calculating r2 to derive estimates of the variance accounted for by each regression .